Heale, R. Evidence-Based Nursing Blog. Published online: 23 October 2016
Pain is an essential part of life. It tells us when and where we’ve sustained an injury. This acute pain ensures that we seek out and address the problem at hand. However, some pain continues for much longer than necessary. Pain signals remain active, muscles tense in response, energy is lowered and there are changes in appetite. People often experience depression, anxiety or anger as a result of living with these ongoing effects.
Treatment of chronic pain can be complex. There are a whole host of medications ranging from opioids to antidepressants to medications addressing neuropathic pain. Although useful in many cases, medications are not without side effects and there can be negative outcomes, including addiction. More and more we see alternative therapies being implemented to help in the management of chronic pain such as yoga, massage and acupuncture. In recent years, attention has turned to treatments that address mental and psychological coping of patients, such as cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT).
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